iPhoneography -- Along the East River photo: (c) 2012 roberta fineberg
1)- make sure you have plenty of charged batteries on hand; charging takes a minimum of two hours. Bring extra batteries to photo safari;
2)- sd cards – 16gb, 32gb are both good; avoid cards with too much storage
3)- 18-55MM; 35-200MM zoom lens – (your telephoto); Read up on your lens and get to know it well; do tests with manual v. automatic focus. Get to know the focal lengths for each lens you own:
4)- When shooting experiments, say, use wide angle to telephoto 18mm – 35 mm = wide angle zoom (for landscape); 50 mm lens = portrait lens (people); longer telephoto zoom for details that are not so close up and personal
5)- ISO = 100- 6400 / 100 great for outdoors / 6400 low light/night setting (watch out for noise or pixilation); experiment with the iso: shoot from 100 – 6400 + see how ISO affects both shutter speed and aperture;
6)- F-stop or Aperture = 3.5-4.5 (most wide angle zooms) / 5.6-6.3 (telephoto zooms); I prefer fixed prime lenses (focal length is fixed and aperture opens up to min 2.8)
-- shallow depth of field = smaller number, wider opening, i.e 2.8, 3.5, etc
-- deep depth of field = larger number, smaller opening / above f11 – “nicer” depth of field / f16 is wonderful for distance
-- 5.6 is a versatile depth of field for street photography;
7)- Shutter speed: do not go below 1/60 (slow shutter speed) with hand held camera; to freeze motion the starting point is 1/500 (fast shutter) + above. Night photography = high iso, or use a tripod (best!) or strobe (flash). Times Square at midnight: try camera mounted on a tripod, exposure 4-30 seconds, f-stop f16. Beach (extreme light) expose at 1/1000 or above. You get the idea where to begin!
8)– Photography is all about light, measuring it, using ISO, shutter speed, aperture proportionately for balance time/motion (shutter speed); depth of field (f-stop); available light (ISO). Play with the three: try low IS0 (100); low shutter speed (1/60); middle-ground aperture (5.6). What happens when you bump up the ISO to 400, 1600, 3200, 6400; and/or use a faster shutter speed (1/250); or increase the f-stop to f11 or higher?
9) For greater creative control, have your camera set on Manual Mode; if the going gets tough Aperture Priority (you select the f-stop/ camera selects the shutter speed) works; Likewise, you can choose Shutter Speed Priority (you select the shutter speed/camera selects aperture). Finally, Program Mode will select all (aperture and shutter) in a pinch. (This tip is less applicable to night photography.)
10) Enjoy the experimentation; let reason and inspiration -- left + right brain guide you to spark your creativity. As part of the session, post your art on SPY's Facebook page -- we want to see your work!